Anemia has a number of different causes, but it can be caused by a variety of factors, including a faulty diet or chronic illness. Infections can also lead to anemia, as can certain diseases that cause an immune response that prevents the body from producing enough red blood cells. Other causes of anemia include a lack of folic acid, also known as folate, and inherited blood disorders.
The most common form of anemia is iron deficiency, but there are other types as well. Vitamin B12 and folate anaemia are also possible causes. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, you should consult a physician to get a diagnosis. Your doctor can order blood tests to determine the cause of your anemia and make a treatment plan. You can also have a full blood count, which measures the red blood cells in your blood and checks the hemoglobin level.
Some people who have anemia are at risk for developing it. For instance, infants who are on breast milk or formula will need more iron than babies who have not developed any red blood cells yet. After weaning from breast milk or formula, infants will likely have lower iron levels because the iron in solid food is not as easily absorbed. Anemia also increases as people age, so it is easy to overlook the signs of the condition. Sadly, many people don’t realize they have anemia until a blood test confirms it.
The signs and symptoms of anemia are different for each person. If you have a family history of anemia, it’s important to discuss it with your doctor. Your family history may indicate environmental factors that cause anemia. A complete blood count can tell how many red blood cells are in your body and what their size and shape are. Reticulocyte count can also show whether your bone marrow is producing enough red blood cells.